Humans are not the Earth’s apex predator because of their physical attributes but their intelligence. However, that doesn’t mean we aren’t capable of packing a mighty punch. Have you ever wondered how hard can we actually punch? What is the average force of a human punch?

**In this Article** show

How Hard Does an Average Man Punch?

What Is the Average Force of a Punch in Newtons?

How Many Pounds of Force Is a Punch?

How Many Foot-Pounds Is the Average Punch?

What Is The Average Speed of a Punch?

What Determines How Hard and Fast a Human Can Punch?

Bodyweight

Speed (Momentum)

Muscle strength

Technique

How Strong Can a Human Punch?

What Is the Strongest Punch Ever Recorded?

How Much PSI Was Mike Tyson’s Punch?

Is A 2000 PSI Punch Possible?

What Is the Fastest Punch Ever Recorded?

**The average force of a boxer’s punch is around 770 psi (pounds per square inch). However, an untrained, unskilled, average human generates around 150 psi with a punch. It’s not as simple as it seems, though, as many variables play a role in the power of a punch.**

Even among professional fighters, there’s a huge power discrepancy between weight categories. Some fighters can punch extremely hard, while others rely on speed and tempo. Let’s get behind the science of a punch and see how you can improve your punching strength.

## How Hard Does an Average Man Punch?

If you want to determine the force behind a punch, it’s easy; **F =ma**, meaning you multiply the person’s mass with the acceleration of the hand during the punch, right? **Well, not quite**. Let’s break down the elements to show you what I mean.

You can’t take a person’s mass into account alone to determine the force behind a punch. One should put as much bodyweight as possible behind a punch, but it’s **never 100%.** So, do you take the mass from the arm only?

That can’t be right either, as you use almost your entire muscle system to throw the perfect punch. Even **bone density** and **fist size** play a vital role in the power of a punch, even if you compare two individuals of the same weight.

Also, when it comes to the **acceleration **of your hand, many variables play a part in generating that acceleration. **Hip rotation, technique, precision**, **fast-twitch fiber count** in your muscles, etc., all determine how fast your hand can travel through the air.

With that being said, there are ways to measure how hard a person strikes, and the most common measurement is the **psi**. Research done on seventy boxers saw them average **776 psi **in their punches, ranging from an average of **447 **by flyweights and **1066 **by heavyweights – a clear indicator of how mass plays a vital role in delivering a hard punch.

As for average humans with no martial arts training, the lack of skill and strength makes their punches a lot weaker. An average falls between **70-150 psi**, depending on gender, weight, and skill.

### What Is the Average Force of a Punch in Newtons?

It’s hard to determine how hard a punch is in **Newtons **alone because of all the aspects of a punch’s power. Also, the surface on which the punch is placed (soft tissue, bone, foam, wood, etc.) plays a big role in the force behind the punch, which is why we use **psi **or **n/m2** (Newtons per square meter) to determine the overall force of a punch.

However, there were some studies made that calculated the pure force behind a punch in Newtons. One particular study indicated that **amateur boxers** generate around **2500 N** with their punches.

Of course, amateur boxers are more skilled and stronger than your average person, but not as strong as elite-level fighters like professional boxing world champions. **Elite heavyweights** can generate up to **5000 N** of force with their punches. That’s almost like getting hit with a sledgehammer.

An **average person** with no martial arts knowledge is somewhere in the **800-1200 N** range. Again, it depends on numerous factors such as body shape, weight, skill, gender, etc.

### How Many Pounds of Force Is a Punch?

As we already know, the most common way to measure a punch’s power is in psi (pounds per square inch. So, to determine how many pounds of force in total a punch generates, we have to consider how many **square inches of the surface area** a punch covers.

In boxing gloves, the punching impact area, on average, is around **four square inches**. We already stated that the average amateur boxer generates around **776 psi**. That’s 776 pounds of force in a square inch.

Multiply that by four (as the impact area is approximately four square inches), and you get **3104 pounds of force** behind an average amateur boxer’s punch. That average is lower (around **1800 lbs**) in the featherweight and higher (around **4264 lbs**) in the heavyweight division.

Now, an average human punch with no equipment (gloves, etc.) is a lot weaker due to the lack of skill, training, and strength. Also, even though a bare-knuckle is harder than a cushioned glove, it has a lower surface area; on average, it is around three square inches.

The **average human punch** generates around **120-150 psi** or **360-450 pounds of force** in total.

Keep in mind that these numbers are average, which means some people fall outside that spectrum on both sides; lower and higher. Also, the psi measures how much pressure the punch applies to the impact surface, not the amount of force required to deliver such pressure.

### How Many Foot-Pounds Is the Average Punch?

**Foot-pounds **are a measure of energy, unlike psi, which measures pressure. So, when determining how many foot-pounds is the average punch, we’re determining how much energy goes into one average human punch.

First, let’s look at some numbers that we know and have. In 1955, **Rocky Marciano** was measured at **925 foot-pounds**, which was an astonishing amount of energy behind a punch back then; and still is today. Some assume that guys like **Mike Tyson** or **Francis Ngannou** go **above 1000 foot-pounds** with their hardest punches.

Just to put things in perspective, 1000 foot-pounds is **1355 joules**. That’s approximately the same energy that a 197-lbs weight produces when dropped from five feet. If it lands on the right spot, it can literally kill a human.

Of course, average humans can’t generate that kind of force with a punch. An average person generates around **100-110 foot-pounds** or **135-150 joules with their average punch.** That’s like a basketball being dropped from a 15-story building. It’s still pretty hard, but it doesn’t have knockout power.

Now, if an **average human** scores their **hardest punch**, we’d probably go up to **185-220 foot-pounds** or **250-300 joules**. That’s the same energy as a brick falling from 32 feet. The brick would do more damage because of its density, but the energy is equivalent.

## What Is The Average Speed of a Punch?

Determining the average speed of a punch is hard because the types of punches are dramatically different. For instance, a **karate jab** will certainly be **faster **than a boxing hook because the karate practitioner focuses on speed and doesn’t put their entire body behind the punch.

However, the **boxing hook** will be much **stronger **as it has more mass behind it and will gain incredible momentum to the point of impact because the punch’s trajectory is much longer. Let’s try to find a golden middle here to determine the average speed of a punch.

Welterweight boxing world champion **Ricky Hatton** tested his punches at the University of Manchester. His **average punch** traveled at around **25 mph**, while his **fastest punch** clocked **32 mph**. The researchers then tested their punches, and only one of them managed to get to** 15 mph.**

That means an **average human** probably punches in the **10-15 mph** range, but it’s highly individual because too many factors determine how fast your punch travels – your weight, body type, and especially the technique.

Quick karate punches don’t get that much bodyweight in them, making them faster but less powerful. The heavier you are, the more energy you need to move at a higher speed, which is why **lighter people** usually **punch faster**.

## What Determines How Hard and Fast a Human Can Punch?

Dozens of factors play a role in the power and speed of a punch. Even gender or genetic predispositions can limit one’s ability to develop a harder punch regardless of how much they train. Still, there are a few factors that anybody can work on and improve to have a harder, faster punch.

### Bodyweight

We’ve explained some basic physics behind a punch and how the fighter’s weight plays a key role in how hard they can hit. That’s why heavyweights register the strongest measured punches in history.

If you want to maximize your punching power, you need to raise your **weight**. However, you need effective weight, not fat. Steadily work on building **muscle mass** instead.

Knowing that raising your weight means you’ll have to sacrifice some of your quickness, so try to find a weight that suits your physique and body type the best. Try to find the **middle ground** between **mass and speed**.

### Speed (Momentum)

**Quickness **is the other crucial component in generating force. The more momentum your punch gains, the higher the force behind it, so developing hand speed is crucial for a powerful striker.

There are many ways to work on your speed but know that more mass will mean less speed no matter how much you train. It’s just simple physics and inertia; the more mass, the higher energy is needed to move at a higher speed.

### Muscle strength

Your entire body needs to be behind your punch to maximize its power, so you need **muscle strength** in your entire body, especially the torso. However, if you want stronger muscles, you need to make them bigger, which will cause less quickness. If you want to maintain your quickness while gaining muscle mass, you need to work on your fast-twitch fiber count.

**Fast-twitch fibers** are responsible for that explosiveness that enables boxers to punch so hard. You can work on them by doing plyometric exercises, such as clap push-ups, etc. That way, you train for those short bursts of massive energy when throwing the perfect punch.

### Technique

Finally, the most important factor of a hard punch is your **technique**. Different martial arts teach different punching techniques, but it’s safe to say that boxing gives us the hardest punchers. So, how do they do it, apart from gaining muscle and being fast?

If you want a hard, fast punch, your **entire body needs** to be behind it, from head to toe. Distribute your weight heavily on the lead foot while **rotating **your hips, core, and shoulders in the punch direction. You should be on your toes with the back leg.

Also, the impact should come just before your arm is completely straight to maximize the momentum. If you do everything correctly, you’ll get as much **bodyweight **as possible to contribute to the **mass**. At the same time, **muscle strength** and **hand speed** will generate the **energy **and **momentum **needed to produce the **hardest possible punch**.

## How Strong Can a Human Punch?

Humans are capable of punching remarkably hard considering our physique because we used our brains to maximize the effectiveness of our bodies. So, how strong can a human punch?

We’ve seen fighters measure over **5000 N** of force behind their punches. I believe even more is possible in perfect conditions, but only by an elite fighter with a heavyweight physique.

Again, it’s very hard to say how strong an average human can punch with their hardest shot, as it’s purely individual. For instance, a **200-pound **guy can be **6’4’’** and skinny, or **5’8’’** and buff. They have the same weight, but the guy with more muscle will surely punch harder.

So, on your best day, you could get about **1500N **of force in a punch. It’s nowhere near what elite martial artists can achieve, but it’s enough to knock somebody out if it lands on the perfect spot.

## What Is the Strongest Punch Ever Recorded?

The record for the strongest punch ever recorded belongs to the **UFC **heavyweight champion **Francis Ngannou**. In 2018 he measured a strike of a staggering **129 161 units**, beating the previous record held by **Tyrone Spong** with **114 000.** For reference, a strong MMA heavyweight punch records around **80 000 units** on the machine, called the **PowerKube**.

According to the UFC’s president **Dana White**, Ngannou’s punch is equivalent to **96 horsepowers**, or “a Ford Escort hitting you at top speed.”

Even the former World’s Strongest Man and the world record-holder in deadlifts, **Eddie Hall**, tried to break the record but couldn’t pull it off, peaking at **113 999** on the **PowerKube**.

### How Much PSI Was Mike Tyson’s Punch?

Although **Mike Tyson** never tested the power of his punches on a machine, we all know that he’s one of the hardest hitters in history. So, how hard could Iron Mike punch in psi?

Tyson’s hardest punches are estimated to go north of **1500 psi**, which would be like someone dropping a 225-pound weight on your face from five feet. That’s around **1200 foot-pounds** or **1600 joules** of energy in one strike.

It knocked out elite, professional heavyweight boxers out cold, meaning it would probably kill most people on the spot.

## Is A 2000 PSI Punch Possible?

When talking about a potential **2000 psi** punch, most people instantly remember **Ivan Drago’s** lab tests in **Rocky IV,** where he measured **2105 psi** with a punch. Nothing near that has ever been recorded, and I highly doubt it ever will be without tons of steroids.

Some of the heaviest hitters in combat sports’ history have never measured their punching power, including **Tyson**, **George Foreman**, and other all-time greats. I believe some folks had what it takes to deliver a **near-2000 **psi punch. Of course, not with every strike, they throw, but one record-breaking shot.

Still, going over **2000 psi** is equivalent to around **four tons of force**, so I doubt even the record-holder **Francis Ngannou** could come close to that.

## What Is the Fastest Punch Ever Recorded?

The record-breaking punch that’s currently the fastest punch ever recorded traveled at **45 mph**. That’s incredible, considering that some of the fastest boxing hitters barely reach **35 mph.**

**Keith Liddell **is the record-holder, throwing the strike in front of a camera. That’s faster than the attack of a cobra. Of course, the strike wasn’t as powerful as a heavyweight’s hook, but it’s still a spectacular accomplishment.

## FAQs

### What is the average force of a punch in Newtons? ›

**2400 newtons** or more is the potential impact force of a punch from someone skilled in combat sports like boxing.

**How many Newtons can a man punch? ›**

When it comes to unleashing force quickly, Bir and her colleagues investigated boxers and found they could generate up to **5,000 newtons** of force with a punch, more than that exerted down by a half-ton on Earth's surface.

**How much force is a strong punch? ›**

A study of 70 boxers found elite-level fighters could punch with an average of **776 pounds** of force. Another study of 23 boxers showed elite fighters were able to punch more than twice as hard as novices, the hardest hitter generating almost 1,300 pounds of force.

**How much force is a 1000 Newtons? ›**

Conversions Table | |
---|---|

10 Newtons to Pounds-force = 2.2481 | 800 Newtons to Pounds-force = 179.8472 |

20 Newtons to Pounds-force = 4.4962 | 900 Newtons to Pounds-force = 202.328 |

30 Newtons to Pounds-force = 6.7443 | 1,000 Newtons to Pounds-force = 224.8089 |

**How many Newtons can a human push? ›**

**Males' maximum push strength was 227 N in the seated position and 251 N in the standing position**. Females' maximum push strength was 96 N in the seated position and 140 N in the standing position.

**How do you calculate punch force? ›**

The formula is short and relatively simple; **Punching Force (PF) = Area x Shear Strength**, where Area is the cross-sectional area of the material being punched away and Shear Strength is the shear strength of the particular material being punched.

**How do you measure the force of a punch? ›**

**The unit of force is typically the Newton (N), which is one kilogram meter per second squared.**

- Weigh the boxer or fighter on a bathroom scale. ...
- Multiply the boxer or fighter's weight by 0.0345 using a calculator, to determine the mass of the boxer's arm. ...
- Station the boxer in front of a punching bag.

**What punch has the most force? ›**

**An uppercut** will be the most powerful when the opponent's head is dropping, while a counter overhand will be the most powerful option if the opponent is caught while stepping in with a jab or a hook.

**What is the highest punch force? ›**

Ngannou himself holds the current record for the hardest punch in the world, having clocked a striking power of **129,161 units** on a PowerKube, which measures the power of a punch based on a variety of different factors, including force, speed and accuracy.

**What is 1 newton equal to? ›**

One newton is equal to **a force of 100,000 dynes in the centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system, or a force of about 0.2248 pound in the foot-pound-second (English, or customary) system**.

### How much is 300 Newtons of force? ›

1 Newton (N) force is the amount of force that can accelerate a 1 kg object by 1 meter per second square. Thus, 300 N force would be capable **accelerate a 1 kg object by 300 meter per second square or 300 kg object by 1 meter per second square**.

**How strong is 4 Newtons of force? ›**

4 Newtons is **about .** **9 of a lb**. So a fairly strong force for that small of a robot, but I am sure you can get that much of a force.

**How many tons of force can a human punch? ›**

The peak force on impact of 4096N (0.4 ton), attained within 14 ms of contact, represents a blow to the human head of up to **6320N (0.63 ton)**. The transmitted impulse generated an acceleration of 520 m/s2 (53 g) in the target head.

**How much force can the strongest man punch? ›**

Ngannou himself holds the current record for the hardest punch in the world, having clocked a striking power of **129,161 units** on a PowerKube, which measures the power of a punch based on a variety of different factors, including force, speed and accuracy.